Sighting of the Ursa Major from Mount Teide in Tenerife
Under the crystal-clear skies of Tenerife, the celestial spectacle unfurls itself in ways that leave us star-struck. The prime of these celestial spectacles is the magnificent constellation of Ursa Major, the Great Bear. From the surreal tranquility and extremely low light pollution of Mount Teide National Park in Tenerife, the viewing experience is nothing short of stellar.
Is Ursa Major just the Big Dipper?
Many people often confuse the Great Bear with the Big Dipper. Although they are related, they are not the same. The Big Dipper is an asterism, a prominent pattern or group of stars, often forming part of a constellation. It’s perhaps the most recognisable part of Ursa Major, but only a part, forming the Bear’s tail and hindquarters. From the unspoilt viewpoints of night sky Mount Teide, this is often the first star pattern that leaps out at the eager stargazer.
What is the Great Bear known for?
Mythology and Cultural Significance
The Ursa Major has been the center of many myths and legends across various cultures. Its size and the brightness of its stars have made it a popular figure in the sky stories of ancient civilisations, from the Greeks and Romans, who saw it as a bear, to the native people of North America and Siberia. Stargazing upon the Great Bear from the mystical surroundings of Mount Teide connects us with those ancient cultures, a link across millennia illuminated by starlight.
Apart from its cultural significance, Ursa Major is known for its fascinating stellar characteristics. It includes several bright stars, such as Dubhe and Merak, which serve as reliable pointers towards Polaris, the North Star. The second star from the end of the Big Dipper’s handle also points towards Regulus, the brightest star in the constellation Leo.
Why is the Great Bear called Ursa Major?
The name Ursa Major originates from Latin, and it translates to “the Great Bear.” This name arises from Greek mythology, where Zeus, the king of the gods, fell in love with a beautiful maiden named Callisto, who was turned into a bear and later placed in the sky. The unique shape of Ursa Major, combined with human imagination, has resulted in this beautiful story. From the tranquility of Mount Teide, looking up at Ursa Major, you can almost picture the Great Bear traversing the celestial sphere through the stars represented.
Where can you see Ursa Major?
Ursa Major is visible throughout the year in most of the northern hemisphere, making it a circumpolar constellation. In Tenerife, especially from the elevated viewpoint of Mount Teide, the constellation can be seen almost every clear night. As the evening descends and darkness swells over the Island, you can watch Ursa Major rotating slowly around Polaris, casting its ancient light down on the stunning landscapes below.
What’s the difference between the Big Dipper and Ursa Major?
As mentioned earlier, the Big Dipper is an asterism and forms part of the larger constellation of Ursa Major. The Big Dipper consists of seven bright stars and looks like a large ladle or dipper, hence its name. The Great bear, on the other hand, includes more stars, and its full pattern forms a bear when connected imaginatively. The Big Dipper serves as a celestial guide, its pointer stars leading the way to Polaris, and, from Mount Teide, it is an unmissable part of the night-time panorama.
In conclusion, Tenerife, especially the breathtaking landscapes of Mount Teide, offers the perfect stage for celestial exploration, with the Ursa Major as one of its stellar highlights. This constellation, with its bright stars and rich history, unfolds an awe-inspiring spectacle, a sight that beautifully marries science and mythology, a sight that encapsulates the joy of stargazing. So, next time you find yourself under the pristine skies of Tenerife, remember to look up and let Ursa Major guide your celestial journey.